Buttonbush, (genus Cephalanthus), genus of at least six species of shrubs or small trees of the madder family (Rubiaceae) native to Africa, Asia, and North America. White tubular flowers appear mid-summer and round clusters of nutlets mature in late summer to fall. Virtues: Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), is a United States–native shrub with so much to offer. use escape to move to top level menu parent. White flowers are borne in a one to one-and-one-half inch diameter globe and fill the canopy when few other plants are in flower. Mature growth is around 6-12' tall x 4-7' wide; Low-maintenance plant; Flowers from June-September with fruit in the winter; Buttonbush most frequently occurs in nature where the ground is damp or even wet, so grow it in a similar spot in the garden. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Riparian. Buttonbush prefers clay, loamy moist but well-drained soils. Buttonbush shrubs love garden ponds, rain ponds, river banks, swamps or just about any site that is consistently wet. This distant relative of coffee (family Rubiaceae) grows in wetland areas. It thrives in moist sites. The reddish tips of the foliage add a punch of color to the plant. A deciduous shrub commonly found in moist to wet areas in full sun to partial shade. Plus, Fiber Optics' new growth is colorful! Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Butterflies and insects find the nectar irresistible. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Pollinators will visit the fragrant white spherical 1-2” spring flowers. Sow seeds into moist, humus soils in full sun or part shade. Buttonbush has long been prized as a native, this new and exciting variety provides beauty all year long in a compact size! Cephalanthus occidentalis is a deciduous shrub or small tree that averages 1–3 m (3.3–9.8 ft) in height, but can reach 6 m (20 ft). Its ovate leaves are markedly veined, and a deep, lustrous green. Cephalanthus occidentalis is a fun and charming plant that has an equally fun and charming common name – buttonbush.This moisture-loving flowering shrub is easy to grow, tolerant of most everything apart from getting dry, and in return for keeping it moist and happy it will furnish you with the kind of flower that makes children squeak and adults smile fondly. The mature leaves are darker green than typical. Glossy green leaves turn yellow fall color. Zones: 5-10. Button bush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) grows well in wet, poorly drained soil where few other garden plants thrive. Have tree and plant questions? From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The seed are important wildlife food, especially for ducks, and the dense,impenetrable thickets provide nesting and escape cover for many wetland birds. Small, 1-inch round ball-like clusters of white flowers  held on long stems (petioles). Buttonbush might work in full sunlight here in a water or wetland location, but most of the recommendations are written for typically drier landscape use. In the southern marshlands, fire decreases grass densities, releasing nutrients for common buttonbush, and increasing growth. Sputnik will mature at 8 to 10 feet high and has a rounded growth habit. Latin: Cephalanthus occidentalis. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Madder family (Rubiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is usually 3-8' tall, but sometimes reaches 20' and achieves the stature of a small tree. POPULAR LINKS. Its older trunk bark is attractively diamond patterned with lattice-like raised ridges. Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) is a spreading, woody shrub that’s perfectly happy in damp sites often found in its native range, along swamp margins, bogs and wet prairies in the eastern and central U.S.It is a fantastic plant for an area of the garden that suffers from poor drainage. Flowers: In spring, unusual, perfectly round, fragrant flowers appear in white or pale pink with a diameter of one inch. About Sugar Shack® Buttonbush. It branches frequently and has a bushy appearance. Growth Rate Buttonbush is a fast-growing, short-lived shrub. Season: Cephalanthus occidentalis has year-round garden interest, with spring flowers, summer and fall foliage and a form and fruit that shine in winter. The lower branches become woody and brown, while new growth is green or red. Foliage: Narrowly oval green leaves are deciduous, emerging in spring. Buttonbush -- Cephalanthus occidentalis Burttonbush likes it wet. The foliage emerges in late spring and is one of the latest plants to break dorma Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". Mature Height: 3-12 ft They are shrubs or small trees growing to 3′ to 6′ tall in the northern part of its range, but to 10′ to 12′ tall in the southern part of its range. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. Add in cool looking, fragrant white flowers and you've got a delightful plant that shines from spring to fall. Buttonbush are very easy to grow plants that require little care. Sugar Shack™ buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis 'SMCOSS'): A short form reaching 3 to 4 feet high, fruits have reddish tipped foliage and red fruit. It can create thick stands at the edges of lakes, ponds, streams or swampy areas. Reddish fall color maturing to brown. CARE. A hard, 1-inch, ball-like fruit persist throughout winter. Habit: Buttonbush is a multistemmed deciduous shrub growing six to twelve feet tall and four to seven feet wide. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Landscape use: wet areas, edges of streams, attracting butterflies, moths, bees, and birds. The glossy green leaves and fragrant, round flower clusters during mid-summer attract butterflies. It is loved … Buttonbush grows in full to partial sun, and average moisture to very wet soils. It typically grows to 10 or 20 feet tall. While butterflies will be seen getting nectar from Butterfly bush, it is not a host plant for their larvae. It typically grows in USDA zones 4 through 9. Latin: Cephalanthus occidentalis. Native to Chicago area and eastern U.S. The name refers to the very sweet scent of the blooms, which open throughout the Summer months. The following menu has 3 levels. New twig growth and leaf petioles sometimes have a reddish tinge, a characteristic painted in Titian Peale’s buttonbush portrait. Prune in dormant season or early spring before new growth begins. Part of the reason for its obscurity is that it suffers from identity crisis due to having so many local nicknames…some even shared with other species. Sugar Shack® Buttonbush has long been prized as a native, but it was way too big for most landscapes. We've cut the size in half and added colorful red fruit and glossy foliage. Long 6" leaves do not emerge until late spring. Cephalanthus occidentalis, commonly known as Buttonbush or Honeyball is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Blooms look like pincushions covered in pistils! Buttonbush is like magic. Cephalanthus occidentalis - Large rounded shrub cloaked in dark green leaves. Highly fragrant white blooms in summer precede colorful red fruit in late summer. Buttonbush has a conventional shrub form with strong branching. Cultivation and management Buttonbush prefers clay, loamy moist but well-drained soils. Typically Cephalanthus can burgeon up to 12' tall. This four-season shrub adapts easily to various soil types and provides essential food to bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Decoding Gardening Advice by Jeff Gilman and Meleah Maynard. CHECK AVAILABILITY. Our future. It is a member of the Coffee family, Rubiaceae. Growth Rate: medium (12"-24" per year) Height: 3-6' / Spread: 4-8' pH levels: 6.5 or below Soil: wet to moist Sun: full sun Fall color: yellow Flowering: produces white button-shaped flowers in late summer and bears seed that benefits wildlife. Use enter to activate. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Waterfowl enjoy reddish-brown fruit which persists through winter. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Low maintenance, year-round appeal. The growth rate, bloom and leaf color of Buttonbush will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, temperature and other factors. ... Growth rate: Moderate. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Sugar Shack™ is a more compact shrub that reaches a mature height of … Description. Go to list of cultivars. Leaves are glossy green, up to 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. It is a good choice for pond edges or rain gardens. Buttonbush, Common Buttonbush, Globeflowers, Honey-balls, Pond Dogwood, Swamp Sycamore From the Greek kephale meaning head and occidentalis meaning western or of the western hemisphere. Its blooms seem almost otherworldly. Buttonbush has to be one of the most underrated or “not popular yet” plants on the market, but we’re here to change that. 1). Scientific Name: Cephalanthus occidentalis Common Name: Common Buttonbush Plant Characteristics. Mature Height: 3-12 ft They are shrubs or small trees growing to 3′ to 6′ tall in the northern part of its range, but to 10′ to 12′ tall in the southern part of its range. Buttonbush is an excellent shrub for naturalizing in wet areas. Since this plant blooms in Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter find the necessary Buttonbush Care to be taken. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. The growth rate, bloom size and color of White Buttonbush will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, temperature and other factors. It will resprout in a few months following low-intensity burns in wet woodlands. Buttonbush is highly recommended in wetland restorations and for erosion control due to its thick growth habit. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Buttonbrush plants are named for their fragrant creamy white spherical flowers. Frequent fires will promote occasional sprouting, but common buttonbush is slow to resprout (7 years) following high-intensity burns. Buttonbush -- Cephalanthus occidentalis Burttonbush likes it wet. Blooms look like pincushions covered in pistils! Just be sure to keep it watered through its first season or two. Other common names: common buttonbush, buttonwillow, globe-flower, honey balls. Ball-shaped, creamy white flowers in August. San Joaquin Valley landmark tree. Sort myths from reality and become a more confident gardener with Decoding Gardening Advice by Jeff Gilman and Meleah Maynard. Its year-round interest, low maintenance requirements and value to wildlife prompted Nebraska's GreatPlants program to name it as 2015's Shrub of the Year. Grows very well in wet soils, including flood conditions and shallow standing water. Buttonbush Growing Conditions. The leaves are large (about 3-6 inches) and lanceolate in shape. The town of Buttonwillow, California was named for the buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis). Site buttonbush in full sun to light shade and any soil type. Whorled to opposite leaf arrangement. Its stems and trunks usually become twisted with age, giving it an interesting shape that is appealing when the shrub is bare of leaves in winter. How to grow buttonbush: Buttonbush most frequently occurs in nature where the ground is damp or even wet, so grow it in a similar spot in the garden. Fiber Optics was chosen as tamer variety of buttonbush, growing to 6' tall. Attracts over 24 species of birds, including robin, kingbird, and towhee. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Madder family (Rubiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is usually 3-8' tall, but sometimes reaches 20' and achieves the stature of a small tree. 2005. Buttonbush (USDA Cold Hardiness Zones 5 to 11) boasts a broad natural range that extends as far north as New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Ontario, south to Florida, and west to Nebraska and Texas. Ornamental Features and Ecological Values Buttonbush is one of the last native American shrubs to leaf-out in the spring when its oval to elliptical glossy green leaves emerge and unfold. We've cut the size in half and added colorful red fruit and glossy foliage. A nectar source, attracting butterflies such as the tiger swallowtail and hummingbirds. Seeds and Plant Production. Long 6" leaves do not emerge until late spring. Buttonbush has long been prized as a native, but it was way too big for most landscapes. Buttonbush has a conventional shrub form with strong branching. A lone buttonbush served as a landmark on an old trans-San Joaquin Valley trail, and was used by ancient Yokut Indians as a … It's red when first emerging, turning copper, then settling down to dark green. The glossy green leaves and fragrant, round flower clusters during mid-summer attract butterflies. Common names include Buttonbush, Common Buttonbush, Button-willow and Honey-bells. Globe-shaped white Sputnik flowers dot the shrub, July and August in northeastern Connecticut. Origin: Swamps and wet spots, as well as dry limestone bluffs, throughout the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Fruit: round red nutlets hanging down (October) Flower: small round ball-like cluster of white flowers, known as … The lower branches become woody and brown, while new growth is … It will tolerate standing water but is slow-growing in permanently flooded areas. Flowering is reduced as shade is increased. Bees, hummingbirds and butterflies use the flowers as a nectar source. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.". Round, persistent fruits add to winter interest. It is a good choice for pond edges or rain gardens. Buttonbush grows as a shrub or small tree. The plant tolerates water as deep as 3 feet. Stop by, email, or call. This plant is deciduous, losing its leaves for 1 or 2 months in winter. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. Building the urban forest for 2050. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. USDA Zones 5–10. Buttonbush in Bloom – Cephalanthus occidentalis - Viceroy Butterfly Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Nectar rating 1 – 10: 6 Zones: 10 – 5 Height: 12’ and can grow up top 20’, grows very quickly Soil: prefers damp Water: prefers more water, grows along streams Light: Full sun to partial shade Bloom color: white Bloom time: summer… Found in most of the northeastern and eastern US with varieties found through the Great basin and California and south through Texas. Whorled to opposite leaf arrangement. Pollinators will visit the fragrant white spherical 1-2” spring flowers. Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that is native to most of the lower 48 states save the Pacific Northwest region and some western states. White tubular flowers appear mid-summer and round clusters of nutlets mature in late summer to fall. It spreads to form thickets by suckering, which results in individual plants arising from its roots. C-Value: 5 No pretreatment is necessary. New twig growth and leaf petioles sometimes have a reddish tinge, a characteristic painted in Titian Peale’s buttonbush portrait. Our trees. Glossy foliage emerges red, shifts to green, then burgundy in the fall. Easily grown in moist, humusy soils in full sun to part shade. Excellent for for naturalizing or wet areas; avoid dry sites. Leaves emerge in late spring. Upright, arching branches, glossy oval leaves. Native Buttonbush Shrubs - Cephalanthus occidentalis, commonly called buttonbush shrubs, button-willow and honey-bells, is a North American native flowering shrub.Tolerant of wet soils, the button bush grows well in pond and low lying areas where the soil may stay damp or wet.Excellent choice for rain gardens and woodland gardens. The Latin name of the genus means "head" (Cephal-) and "flower" (-anthos). Its glossy foliage emerges red in spring, maturing to green, then turning to burgundy in the fall. ~ COMMON: Buttonbush LEAVES: Opposite, or whorled, simple, ovate, 2 to 6" long, green, deciduous, appearing late in Spring SIZE: 3 to 6'tall, equal in width HARDINESS: 5 to 10 HABIT: Shrub, loose GROWTH RATE: Medium to fast FLOWERS: August, white FRUIT: Fall, ... ~ (Buttonbush) Buttonbush Buttonbush is great shrub for naturalizing in wet areas. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. With a moderate growth rate, Sugar Shack button bush is even smaller than Fiber Optics – only three to four feet in height. It is loved by bees, butterflies and birds. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Cultivation and management Low maintenance, year-round appeal. Buttonbush grows in low, moist soils in most of the state and from Florida to Mexico and north to Canada. Buttonbush is great shrub for naturalizing in wet areas. Origin: Swamps and wet spots, as well as dry limestone bluffs, throughout the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. Button Bush Planting Instructions. Prune in dormant season or early spring before new growth begins. Seeding Rate: Please contact customer service for seeding rate information. Buttonbush growing conditions include Buttonbush season, its sunlight, soil type etc. Buttonbush is great shrub for naturalizing in wet areas. _____________________________________________ Learn to choose the best shrubs for your garden and arrange them in expert fashion with Andy McIndoe's The Creative Shrub Garden. Leaves are a larval host for some butterflies. Medium green in summer turning to yellow in fall. Reddish-brown fruit follows the flowers and persists through the winter. They are sometimes used in landscaping and are a It can grow as a tree up to 20 feet but is usually a small shrub up to 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Growth rate: medium to fast (1-2 ft/yr) Mature size: 5-8 ft. tall. The Latin name of the genus means "head" (Cephal-) and "flower" (-anthos). Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The nutlets that persist through winter are appealing to the birds. Read on for buttonbush plant info, including a few tips for buttonbush plant care. It is naturally occurring in wet areas such as river margins, marsh edges, shores, wet thickets, and hardwood swamps and is often found growing in water or deep muck. Buttonbush, (genus Cephalanthus), genus of at least six species of shrubs or small trees of the madder family (Rubiaceae) native to Africa, Asia, and North America. Zones: 5-10. Waterfowl enjoy reddish-brown fruit which persists through winter. Description. This deciduous tree with an upright, multiple-branching shrub form has a fast growth rate. Buttonbush occurs in swamps, ponds, and stream banks throughout Florida. Although it is a wetland shrub that grows in poorly draining areas (it can tolerate water depths up to three feet), it can survive in drier sites as long as it is irrigated. All these factors are necessarily considered in order to grow and to increase its life expectancy. 0 Common buttonbush reaches a mature size of 15 to 20 feet in height and 6 inches in diameter. Its older trunk bark is attractively diamond patterned with lattice-like raised ridges. Lastly, please plant Buttonbush in place of the non-native and invasive Butterflybush (Buddleja davidii) from Asia. It branches frequently and has a bushy appearance. Their fragrant, showy spherical flowers attract a host of butterflies and more than 24 species of birds. Buttonbush is a fast growing and short lived shrub with unusual looking honey-scented flowers wildly attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. This distant relative of coffee (family Rubiaceae) grows in wetland areas. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Mature Size. Unique, fragrant blooms emerge in July followed by colorful red fruit late […] It then puts on a show like no other. About California Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) 17 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Cephalanthus occidentalis is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, that is native to the Central Valley in California, and to eastern and southern North America. Growth is moderately fast; expect almost 12 inches per year … They are magical round spheres that somehow are tough and delicate all at the same. Buttonbush has attractive, medium green leaves followed by a late spring flower display unmatched by many plants (Fig. It is usually found in wetlands and along streams and lakes. Search our Resources: Search for: Catalog Request. A great four season shrub with unusual round summer flowers, ornamental red fruit, glossy foliage, showy fall color and a handsome winter shape. Several cultivars are available, including Sputnik buttonbush (C. occidentalis ‘Bieberich’) and Sugar Shack (C. occidentalis ‘SMCOSS’). Gray and somewhat peeling, develops furrows with age. Lower leaves are often trimmed prior to shipping to reduce transpiration and travel stress. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. How to grow buttonbush: Buttonbush most frequently occurs in nature where the ground is damp or even wet, so grow it in a similar spot in the garden. Buttonbush has attractive, medium green leaves followed by a late spring flower display unmatched by many plants (Fig. Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) Zones 5-9. A few leaves are often trimmed prior to shipping to reduce transpiration and travel stress. ©James H. Miller. Common buttonbush seeds are ready for collection in the fall when they have turned reddish-brown. They are approximately 1 to 1.25 inches diameter. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. They are sometimes used in landscaping and are a Buttonbush quantity. Buttonbush is a common shrub of many wetland habitats in its range, including swamps, floodplains, mangrove, pocosin, riparian zones, and moist forest understory. Description. Buttonbush flowers are studded all over with prominent, round-headed pistils, which makes them look like pincushions. If plants become unmanageable, however, they may be cut back near to the ground in early spring to revitalize. 'Bieberich'):   8 to 10 feet high shrub with rounded habit. 0 Common buttonbush reaches a mature size of 15 to 20 feet in height and 6 inches in diameter. Buttonbush grows in full to partial sun, and average moisture to very wet soils. Buttonbush leaves are glossy green and are usually found in opposite pairs but sometimes whorls of three are present. In these zones, Buttonbush requires full … Adapts to a wide range of soils except dry ones. Found primarily in wet  or lowland areas. Common names include Buttonbush, Common Buttonbush, Button-willow and Honey-bells. Our communities. Common buttonbush produces spherical buttons of white flowers amidst its opposite, shiny green leaves. They can take on shades of red in fall. White flowers are borne in a one to one-and-one-half inch diameter globe and fill the canopy when few other plants are in flower. A great four season shrub with unusual round summer flowers, ornamental red fruit, glossy foliage, showy fall color and a handsome winter shape. Not tolerant of dry soil.Often long-lived. Buttonbush is a suitable shrub for butterfly gardens. The nutlike seeds are eaten by many waterfowl and many types of birds use it as a […] Sugar Shack® Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis ‘SMCOSS’ PP26,543 Description & Overview Sugar Shack® Buttonbush is a compact selection of our native species. Its ovate leaves are markedly veined, and a deep, lustrous green. Jessica Walliser's Attracting Beneficial Bugs to Your Garden. Common buttonbush can also be propagated by planting cuttings in moist, sandy soil. Seeds have a low germination rate . It is a good choice for pond edges or rain gardens. Add in cool looking, fragrant white flowers and you've got a delightful plant that shines from spring to fall. Cephalanthus occidentalis, or Button Bush, is native to the eastern two-thirds of Kansas and is adaptable statewide. Wildlife Food & Shelter Mix. Upright, arching branches, glossy oval leaves. It is naturally occurring in wet areas such as river margins, marsh edges, shores, wet thickets, and hardwood swamps and is often found growing in water or deep muck.

buttonbush growth rate

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