A testicle that hasn't descended from the body. Also called internal radiation therapy. Radiology is the medical discipline that uses medical imaging to diagnose and treat diseases within the bodies of animals, including humans. Also called biotherapy A greenish-yellow fluid secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and released through tubular passageways called bile ducts into the bowel to help digest fat and carry away waste. A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions related to the brain and nervous system. computed tomography (CT) See the Myelography page for more information. A procedure in which the cervix is dilated and the inner lining of the uterus is scraped to remove the uterine contents. intrauterine Disk-shaped pads of fibrous tissue that are interposed between the vertebrae. Manufacturer's name. seizure disorders A type of particle accelerator in which charged particles are propelled by an alternating electric field between two large electrodes in a constant magnetic field created by two large magnets. Most common medical terms used today are derived from Latin or Greek. Florida Department of Health, Board of Radiation Control (FLDOH-BRC) Course Approval End Date 01/31/2022 Category: Technical. One of a pair of neck veins that collect blood from the brain and face and convey it toward the heart. Imaging examination of the breast by means of x-rays, of individuals usually without symptoms, to detect unsuspected breast cancer. patency A test result that indicates a disease is not present, when in fact it is present. One device, a nuclear imaging machine, employs a scintillation camera, which can rotate around the body to pick up radiation emitted by an injected substance (e.g., radioactive iodine, which localizes in the thyroid, or radioactive thallium, which localizes in the heart). An invasive procedure is typically an "open" operation, such as appendectomy, which requires a surgical incision for exposure of deep structures or organs for performance of an intervention. Using vacuum pressure, the abnormal cells and tissue are removed without having to withdraw the probe after each sampling as in core needle biopsy. radioimmunotherapy Small tubes within the breast that carry breast milk from the lobule to the nipple. intima Infection or inflammation of one or more of the sinuses. bronchi Partial or total blockage of movement of food or stool through the intestines. sentinel lymph node secondary hyperparathyroidism A moderately severe chronic inflammation (swelling) of the intestine, especially of the small intestine, of unknown cause, involving the obstruction of the lower part of the small intestine and less frequently other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. vascular disease The portion of the largest artery in the body that runs through the abdomen; it supplies oxygenated blood to the abdominal and pelvic organs and the legs. S A highly contagious infection transmitted through the air that attacks the lungs and other parts of the body. The muscular walls of the uterus. A method of angiography utilizing the magnetic properties of tissues and body fluids rather than x-rays to record images. The subjective enlargement of a bright object seen against a dark background. cerebral A chronic autoimmune disease that occurs when the immune system attacks the lining, cartilage, bones, and supporting structures of multiple joints. See the MRCP page for additional information. The removal of part of the damaged lung, which creates additional space for the remaining healthy lung tissue to expand more easily. Treatments include antacids, proton pump inhibitors, dietary changes and surgery. ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads, Please Note: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys. Water soluble iodine, used to make blood vessels opaque; to demonstrate the inner structures of the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters and bladder); and to outline joints (the spaces between two bones). radioactive iodine I-131 Identifying Dates – date of birth, date of admission, date of examination. fine needle aspiration Iodine mixed with water or oil may be used to evaluate the fallopian tubes and lining of the uterus. colonoscopy (also called a cardiac stress test or exercise electrocardiogram) A type of x-ray in which contrast material is injected into a vein to show the details of its structure and any abnormality that may be present. See sedation, minimal and moderate. AA metabolic disease in which carbohydrate utilization is reduced while lipid and protein usage is enhanced; it is caused by a complete or relative deficiency of insulin and is characterized in more severe cases by chronic hyperglycemia, glycosuria, water and electrolyte loss, ketoacidosis, and coma. fluoroscopy Referring to the inside. A rim of fibrocartilaginous tissue attached to the scapula, or shoulder blade, that provides a deeper socket for the head of the humerus, or upper arm bone. Higher levels of PSA in the blood are sometimes – but not always – indicative of prostate cancer. peripheral artery disease (PAD) Hollow, air-filled spaces located within the bones of the face surrounding the nasal cavity. Stretched or torn nerve fibers in the brain. See the Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) page for more information. A test result that indicates cancer is present when it is not. portal vein simulation See the Lymphoscintigraphy page for more information. They oversee the work of the dosimetrist and help ensure that complex treatments are properly tailored for each patient. mild traumatic brain injury See peripheral artery disease (PAD).. peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) "Radiology Basics is an informative introduction to radiological anatomy disease. Damage to or disease of the kidney. Learn more about these vocabulary terms with the accompanying lesson called Important Terminology for Medical Radiology. An x-ray procedure that involves the injection of a contrast material directly into the liver to produce pictures of the bile ducts. myometrium dissection tumor ablation An iodine-131 agent used in radioimmuniotherapy to treat non-Hodgkin lymphoma. proctoscopy A type of radiation therapy in which the entire body receives radiation prior to chemotherapy and a stem cell or bone marrow transplant. Cells found in the blood that contain hemoglobin and carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide from body tissues. It may lead to rupture and serious or fatal bleeding. There are a number of units to measure radiation dose and exposure: radical trachelectomy A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed from the inside of the rectum. A tooth compressed between the jaw and another tooth that fails to fully erupt through the surface of the gums. uterine cavity A flexible, hollow plastic or rubber tube that may be passed into a blood vessel to withdraw fluids or inject medicine or contrast materials. An x-ray machine produces a small burst of radiation that passes through the body, recording an image either on photographic film or, in a digital system, on the image recording plate of an electronic detector, a device that converts the x-rays into digital signals which are in turn sent to a computer to produce images. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) infusion catheter de-identification Before we discuss radiology terminology in detail, let’s dispel the common misconception that radiology is limited to X-rays, CT scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) exams. CAD Bone infection. dietitians An abnormal rhythm of the heart. particulate agents nerve fibers A form of application or employment of a therapeutic agent or regimen. A small metal device called a stent is placed to keep the connection open and allow it to bring blood draining from the bowel back to the heart while avoiding the liver. femoral artery In this exploratory procedure, the surgeon makes a large incision in the abdomen and investigates the internal organs to help determine the cause and extent of a disease.

radiology medical terms

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